Smartparens can automatically escape quote characters (
and the escape character
\ (as determined by Emacs’s syntax
tables) when you wrap a region or insert them inside a string.
Autoescaping is specified on a per-pair basis. For convenience, there are two global options to enable or disable escaping after wrapping and after insertion of a pair.
If non-nil, escape special chars inside the just wrapped region.
If non-nil, escape string quotes if typed inside string.
Escaping with post hooks¶
To enable automatic escaping after wrapping or insertion it is
necessary to add post-handlers on the pairs where you want to trigger
the escaping. These are typically the
' quote pairs.
Escaping after wrapping is enabled by default.
The hooks are named after the global options—if the option is disabled the function does nothing.
Escape quotes and special chars when a region is wrapped.
The wrapping is smart in the sense that it only escapes when
necessary. The behaviour of wrapping a word (
bar) which is
already inside a string is summarized by the following table:
|enclosing \ wrapped||‘||“|
|‘||‘foo 'bar' baz’||‘foo “bar” baz’|
|“||“foo ‘bar’ baz”||“foo "bar" baz”|
The behaviour of wrapping existing text (
foo 'bar' baz or
"bar" baz) containing a string is summarized by the following table:
|containing \ wrapped||‘||“|
|foo ‘bar’ baz||‘foo 'bar' baz’||“foo ‘bar’ baz”|
|foo “bar” baz||‘foo “bar” baz’||“foo "bar" baz”|
If auto-pairing is enabled and the pair was successfully inserted
inside a string, this hook ensures that it is escaped properly if
necessary. The same rules as for wrapping apply, that is, escaping
only takes place when necessary. This hook is triggered on the
'insert action, and so if a
prevents pairing, no action is taken.
Some users prefer not to pair quotes inside strings and instead only
insert the single delimiter (this is the paredit behaviour). However,
if the user disabled auto-pairing inside strings, that means the
sp-escape-quotes-after-insert handler is never called and the
quote will get inserted unescaped.
This situation can be handled by adding an
'escape action on the
pair. That tells smartparens to still escape the single inserted
delimiter even if the insert action wasn’t performed.
Having a separate action might seem extraneous, but it gives us better
flexibility in defining the escaping rules to precisely match what is
expected. Also, by the nature of the post-handlers, which are only
run after the action is performed successfully, it is necessary to
have an action separate from
'insert which might get inhibited by
As usual, actions are tried in sequence:
'escape, so if the pair is wrapped or inserted the escape action
is skipped (and the escaping can be handled with the handlers from
The single-pair behaviour is summarized in the following table:
|enclosing \ inserted||‘||“|
|‘foo | bar’||‘foo '| bar’||‘foo “| bar’|
|“foo | bar”||“foo ‘| bar”||“foo "| bar”|